What causes liver cancer?
Liver cancer is a fairly common type of oncology. It ranks fifth among the most common malignant tumors in men and eighth in women. Liver cancer is a malignant disease in which healthy liver cells are replaced by tumor cells. This type of cancer is predisposed to the rapid progression and spread of metastasis.
Currently, the real reason of liver cancer has not been established. However, scientists identify the following number of provoking factors:
- inherited predisposition;
- chronic hepatitis which in the absence of timely adequate treatment may be complicated by hepatocellular carcinoma;
- gallstone disease;
- hepatic cirrhosis;
- abusive and smoking drinking behavior, especially against the background of existing cirrhosis;
- hemochromatosis (iron accumulation);
- pancreatic diabetes;
- use of anabolic steroids during workouts;
- harmful exposure to chemicals in the human body;
- parasitic invasion;
- use of oral contraceptives containing female sex hormones estrogen.
Other risk factors for liver cancer include:
- male sex. Men are more susceptible to the liver cancer than women;
- anabolic steroids. Long-term use of male hormones increases the risk of liver cancer.It is believed that drinking coffee can protect against liver cancer.
Types of liver cancer
All types of liver cancer according to the mechanism of their origin can be divided into two groups: primary and secondary. Secondary liver cancer is much more common. It occurs as a result of cancer metastases of other organs. In this case, the cells that grow in the liver correspond to the main focus of cancer.
Diagnosis of liver cancer
- A patient with possible liver cancer should be examined by a competent oncologist. The doctor carefully examines the body and veins in the abdomen, determines the yellowness of the skin and sclera. Thereafter, palpation is necessary. At this stage, the doctor palpates an enlarged organ and sometimes (if possible) the tumor node.
- Increased bilirubin and urobilin levels are noted in the biochemical blood assay of the patient. The location and size of the tumor are determined by ultrasound investigation.
- Detailed diagnosis helps both detect a tumor and determine the extent of the disease.
Treatment of Liver cancer
- There is only one way to treat liver cancer. This is a surgical treatment.
- Resection is possible at the first stage of the disease. Resection is the surgical removal of the pathological part of the liver. Most part of the liver is not affected and can function. Half of the liver is removed during hernihepatectomy. Liver repairs itself after a while.
- Chemotherapy helps fix the effect of treatment. This treatment option is also prescribed in cases where surgery is impossible.
Survival rate of liver cancer patients
Liver cancer is a rapidly progressing disease. The patient may die within 3-4 months after the onset of the tumor. The patient's lifetime can reach 5 years (with timely diagnosis and treatment).