What happens during an asthma attack?

An asthma attack in our age of stress full of allergens has become a frequent disease of breathing organs. This disease manifests itself in the form of periodic attacks of shortness of breath or violent cough, which sometimes develop? into choking fits (it is condition when a person can not breathe).

The reason for the attack is the reaction of respiration centers to some stimulus that has got into the breathing passages. Because of this, the blood vessels in the bronchi strongly and sharply narrow, a strong spasm arises in the swallow or trachea, which does not allow a person to inhale.

Depending on the causes of the onset, two types of asthma are distinguished:

  • non-allergic;
  • allergic.

In the first case, an asthmatic attack occurs as a result of the action of an external stimulus on the breathing passages. In case of allergic asthma an attack occurs due to ingestion of allergen particles into the bronchus.

Often, exacerbation of bronchial asthma is seasonal. In this case, a person, as a rule, begins to have bronchitis with an abundance of mucus and frequent asthmatic attacks. This is mainly due to the flowering of plants person is allergic to. Exacerbations of the disease can also be accompanied by:

  • lacrimation increased;
  • hives;
  • coryza;
  • cough.

Asthma attacks of a non-allergic origin can be caused by any irritation of the bronchi. Because of their hypersensitivity spasms appear in the throat. It prevents the normal airflow into the lungs. As a result, there are a strong cough and a choking fit.

The main causes that can cause an attack:

  • cigarette smoke;
  • a sharp smell of home care products (detergents, soaps, shampoo and others.);
  • gaseous waste;
  • medication intakes;
  • strong smells, incl. perfumery.

Not always an allergic reaction is instantaneous. It may come in a few minutes.

Asthma is divided into the types listed below (it is depending on the causes that caused the attack):

  • effort-induced asthma (muscle tightness with physical effort, sudden movements, inhalation of cold air when doing sports);
  • aspirin-intolerant asthma (intake of certain medications, including acetylsalicylic acid);
  • food asthma;
  • occupational asthma (inhalation of the same substance at work for a sufficiently long period of time, for example, when person is working at a gas station, spraying trees or working at chemical factories);
  • mixed asthma (contact with an allergen with the presence of 2 or more factors);
  • unspecified asthma (no exact cause of the attack has been established).

It is not always possible to identify what is causing the attack even after the diagnosis and tests for allergens. The earliest attacks are usually associated with acute respiratory disease or inflammatory processes in the anatomical airway. In the future, the respiratory center can react to any external stimulus as a danger of renewal of inflammatory processes This is what causes spasm. Many physicians tend to believe that the nature of asthma rather has a psychosomatic dependence. They believe that this disease explained more by psychological factors.

Published at July 30, 2018

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