What is the name of insect in hair?
Many people think that if a person is properly dressed, respects the rules of hygiene, he certainly will never have head lice in his hair. Unfortunatley they are wrong. Mankind has been fighting with these insects for a long time. If you travel on business by trains, then you are at risk to catch lice through an infected pillow.
These parasites are multiplying very quickly. They will torture their carrier, unless he cures pediculosis within 2 months. Therefore, it is important to know what preventive measures should be taken and how to get rid of this parasite.
It is quite difficult to notice just one or more insects on your head at once. It is clear that you will not be infected in 7 days. Within a week, at least one them will lay eggs. They glue them with special compound close to the hair roots. In 7 days there will be hundreds of eggs. The hatching starts in 14 days.
What do lice look like?
They have 6 legs with hooks. They creep from one victim to the new carrier and use hooks to grab at the hair. It's good that they do not jump, but only crawl. Most often this infection develops in kindergartens and junior schoolchildren. Therefore, the medical staff regularly checks the heads of kindergartners and pupils.
They are gray. They grab hair using their legs with hooks and therefor quite quickly move over the head. Several times a day they need to eat. Then they pierce the head skin with a proboscis and suck blood, their body immediately becomes purple and noticeable.
The cycle of maturation has its own stages. First, the uterus fastens its eggs or nits to each hair. They are brownish with white stains and very small. They are hard to see on the roots of hair. They cannot be shaken down, since the adhesive liquid securely binds the nits to the hair. Newly born louse look same as the adults, just they are small and not ready for reproduction. Sucking the blood they grow rapidly and in 10 or 12 days are able to give offspring. Growing individuals are dark gray. For a lifetime, which is about 30 days, the louse female will lay about 300 eggs.
These parasites are very dangerous, as they are carriers of causative agents of deadly diseases and contribut to epidemics. Insects transmit the infection only to their hosts.
Clothes and head lice are carriers of such terrible diseases as typhus and relapsing typhus, which were a reason of millions of people dying in the past. They were the cause of the Werner-His disease or trench fever, which destroyed people during the First World War. There is evidence that this insect can carry plague pathogens, purulent and fungal infections and even leprosy.
Louse living on pets can transmit swine fever, anthrax, erysipelatous inflammation or erysipelas, equine infectious anaemia, trypanosomiasis, smallpox, tularemia, pseudotuberculosis.
Wild animals also suffer from lice, which transmit among them tularemia, rat typhoid, anemia and plague.