Bacterial keratitis is an infectious condition that affects the cornea, which is the clear front surface of the eye. It occurs when bacteria invade the cornea, leading to inflammation and potential damage to the eye.
Bacterial Keratitis (Eye Infection From Contact Lenses) | Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment
This disease can be caused by various types of bacteria, including Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus pneumoniae, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, and others. The bacteria usually enter the cornea through small injuries, contact lens wear, or poor hygiene.
Common symptoms of bacterial keratitis include eye redness, pain, light sensitivity, blurred vision, excessive tearing, and discharge from the eye. If left untreated, the infection can lead to corneal ulcers, scarring, and even vision loss.
Diagnosis of bacterial keratitis involves a thorough eye examination, including visual acuity tests, slit-lamp examination, and laboratory analysis of eye samples. Treatment typically involves the use of antibiotic eye drops or ointments to eliminate the bacterial infection. In severe cases, oral antibiotics or other medications may be prescribed.
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To prevent bacterial keratitis, it is important to maintain good eye hygiene, especially for contact lens wearers. This includes proper lens cleaning and storage, avoiding water exposure while wearing lenses, and regular replacement of contact lenses and lens cases.
If you experience any symptoms of bacterial keratitis, it is crucial to seek medical attention promptly. Early diagnosis and treatment can help prevent complications and minimize the risk of long-term damage to the eye.
Bacterial Keratitis Causes
- Name of Disease: Bacterial Keratitis
- Bacterial infection – caused by various bacteria such as Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus pneumoniae, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, etc.
- Contaminated contact lenses or contact lens solution
- Corneal trauma or injury
- Poor hygiene practices
- Improper use and care of contact lenses
- Foreign objects or contaminants in the eye
- Weakened immune system
- Eye pain
- Redness and swelling of the eye
- Blurred vision
- Sensitivity to light (photophobia)
- Tearing or discharge from the eye
- Foreign body sensation
- Excessive tearing
- Corneal clouding or opacity
- Ulceration or erosion in the cornea
- Difficulty opening the eyelid