Bacterial zoonoses

Bacterial zoonoses, also known as zoonotic bacterial infections, are diseases caused by bacteria that can be transmitted from animals to humans. These infections can occur through direct contact with infected animals, their body fluids, or contaminated objects, or through the consumption of contaminated food or water.

What are Zoonoses?

Some common examples of bacterial zoonoses include:

  • Anthrax: A bacterial infection primarily affecting animals, including livestock, which can be transmitted to humans through contact with infected animals or their products.
  • Brucellosis: A bacterial infection that commonly affects livestock, causing reproductive problems, and can be transmitted to humans through consumption of unpasteurized dairy products or contact with infected animals.
  • Leptospirosis: A bacterial infection typically transmitted to humans through contact with water or soil contaminated with the urine of infected animals, particularly rodents, livestock, or dogs.
  • Tularemia: A bacterial infection that usually affects wild animals such as rabbits and rodents, and can be transmitted to humans through ticks, deer flies, contact with infected animals, or inhalation of contaminated dust or aerosols.
  • Q fever: A bacterial infection commonly found in goats, sheep, and cattle, which can be transmitted to humans through inhalation of contaminated dust particles or contact with feces, urine, or birth products of infected animals.
  • Plague: A severe bacterial infection caused by the Yersinia pestis bacteria, primarily transmitted through bites from infected fleas living on rodents. Humans can also acquire the infection through direct contact with infected animals or inhalation of respiratory droplets from infected individuals.

Prevention and control of bacterial zoonoses often involve proper hygiene practices, such as frequent handwashing, consumption of safe food and water, use of personal protective equipment when handling animals, and vaccination where available.

Wide-ranging Therapeutic Uses:

Zovirax for treating cold sores; Daklinza in the management of HCV; Addyi for premenopausal women's sexual desire; Xyzal for chronic urticaria; Amoxil in various bacterial infections; Propecia to reverse balding in men; Clomid for anovulatory infertility; Priligy in sexual health; Eriacta, Suhagra, Tadacip, Kamagra, Nizagara, Silagra, and Caverta for impotence; Synthroid in thyroid hormone deficiency; Cipro for diverse infectious diseases; Proscar in prostate size reduction; Nolvadex as a hormonal therapy in breast cancer.

Bacterial Zoonoses

Disease Causes
Anthrax Bacteria: Bacillus anthracis
Brucellosis Bacteria: Brucella species (e.g., B. abortus, B. melitensis, B. suis, B. canis)
Leptospirosis Bacteria: Leptospira species (e.g., L. interrogans)
Tularemia Bacteria: Francisella tularensis
Disease Symptoms
  • Fever
  • Fatigue
  • Coughing
  • Shortness of breath
  • Chest pain
  • Headache
  • Muscle aches
  • Gastrointestinal symptoms
  • Skin lesions
  • Fever
  • Fatigue
  • Muscle aches
  • Sweating
  • Headache
  • Joint pain
  • Loss of appetite
  • Weight loss
  • Swollen lymph nodes
  • Fever
  • Chills
  • Headache
  • Muscle aches
  • Joint pain
  • Dry cough
  • Weakness
  • Enlarged lymph nodes
  • Skin ulcers