Cystitis is a common urinary tract infection (UTI) that primarily affects the bladder. It is characterized by inflammation of the bladder wall, leading to various symptoms such as frequent and urgent need to urinate, burning sensation during urination, cloudy or strong-smelling urine, lower abdominal pain, and sometimes blood in urine.
Cystitis – Infectious Diseases
Cystitis is more prevalent in women due to their shorter urethra which makes it easier for bacteria to enter the bladder. The most common cause of cystitis is a bacterial infection, with Escherichia coli (E. coli) being the most common bacteria involved. Other potential causes include sexual activity, certain types of contraceptives, menopause, urinary tract abnormalities, and suppressed immune system.
Treatment for cystitis usually involves a course of antibiotics to eliminate the infection. Drinking plenty of fluids, particularly water, is also recommended to flush out the bacteria and promote healing. Additionally, warm compresses and over-the-counter pain relievers can help alleviate discomfort.
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Prevention of cystitis involves maintaining good personal hygiene, wiping front to back after using the toilet, urinating before and after sexual activity, avoiding irritants such as perfumed products, and staying properly hydrated.
If left untreated, cystitis can lead to more severe complications like kidney infection or the infection spreading to the bloodstream. It is essential to consult a healthcare professional for accurate diagnosis and appropriate treatment.
- Frequent urination
- Urgency to urinate
- Pain or discomfort during urination
- Cloudy or bloody urine
- Pelvic pain
- Low fever (not always present)