Infectious arthritis, also known as septic arthritis, is a condition characterized by the inflammation of a joint(s) caused by an infection. The infection can be bacterial, viral, or fungal in origin and typically enters the joint through the bloodstream, spread from an adjacent infected structure, or due to direct injury or surgery.
Infectious or Septic Arthritis – Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis & Treatment (Pathology)
Common symptoms of infectious arthritis include severe joint pain, swelling, redness, warmth, limited range of motion, and fever. The affected joint(s) may also appear tender and be accompanied by systemic symptoms like fatigue and malaise. If left untreated, infectious arthritis can lead to joint damage and chronic disability.
Diagnosis of infectious arthritis involves a thorough physical examination, medical history review, and various diagnostic tests such as joint fluid analysis, blood tests, imaging studies, and microbiological culture to identify the causative organism. Treatment usually involves a combination of antibiotics, antiviral, or antifungal medications to target the underlying infection, along with pain management and physical therapy to alleviate symptoms and maintain joint function.
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Prevention of infectious arthritis can be achieved by practicing good hygiene, avoiding high-risk behaviors that may lead to infection, promptly treating skin wounds or infections, and following prescribed medical protocols for individuals with compromised immune systems. Early diagnosis and appropriate treatment are crucial to reducing the risk of complications and improving the outcome of infectious arthritis.
Infectious arthritis is a disease that affects the joints and is caused by an infection. The general symptoms of infectious arthritis include:
- Pain and swelling in the affected joint
- Redness and warmth around the joint
- Limited range of motion
- Fatigue and weakness
- Joint stiffness
- Difficulty moving the affected joint
- Joint inflammation
Note: The specific symptoms may vary depending on the underlying infection causing the arthritis.