Infectious arthritis (bacterial)
Infectious arthritis, also known as septic arthritis, is a form of arthritis caused by an infection in a joint. This specific type of arthritis is caused by bacteria entering the joint space and triggering an inflammatory response.
Infectious or Septic Arthritis – Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis & Treatment (Pathology)
The bacteria that commonly cause infectious arthritis include Staphylococcus aureus and Streptococcus species. These bacteria can enter the joint through a direct infection, such as an open wound or surgery, or by spreading from another infected area in the body through the bloodstream.
Once inside the joint, the bacteria cause inflammation and damage to the joint tissues, leading to pain, swelling, and restricted movement. Other symptoms may include fever, chills, and fatigue. Infectious arthritis can affect any joint in the body, but it most commonly affects the knees, hips, shoulders, and wrists.
Prompt diagnosis and treatment are crucial for infectious arthritis to prevent long-term complications. Treatment typically involves antibiotics to target the specific bacteria causing the infection. In some cases, drainage of the infected fluid may be necessary. Physical therapy may also be recommended to restore joint function and mobility.
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Prevention of infectious arthritis involves proper wound care, good hygiene practices, and early treatment of any infections elsewhere in the body. It is important to seek medical attention if symptoms of infectious arthritis develop, as early intervention can greatly improve outcomes.
Infectious Arthritis (Bacterial)
- Bacterial infection in the joint
- Direct entry of bacteria into the joint through open wounds, surgery, or injections
- Bacterial spread from other sites of infection in the body
- Infection caused by certain bacteria, such as Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus, or Neisseria gonorrhoeae
- Weakened immune system
- Inflammatory conditions like rheumatoid arthritis or gout
Infectious arthritis (bacterial) symptoms:
- Joint pain
- Difficulty moving the affected joint
- Warmth around the joint
- General discomfort or uneasiness
- Limited range of motion in the joint
- Loss of appetite