Polymyalgia Rheumatica

Polymyalgia Rheumatica is an inflammatory disorder characterized by muscle pain and stiffness, primarily in the neck, shoulders, and hips. It typically affects individuals over the age of 50 and is more common in women than men. The exact cause of this condition is unknown, but it is believed to involve a combination of genetic and environmental factors. Common symptoms include aching and stiffness in the affected muscles, fatigue, low-grade fever, and depression. Polymyalgia Rheumatica can often be effectively managed with medication, such as corticosteroids, which help reduce inflammation and relieve symptoms.

Polymyalgia Rheumatica: Visual Explanation for Students

Polymyalgia Rheumatica


  • Muscle pain and stiffness, especially in the shoulders and hips
  • Fatigue and loss of energy
  • Generalized weakness
  • Morning stiffness lasting longer than 1 hour
  • Pain and stiffness in the neck, upper arms, thighs, and buttocks
  • Difficulty in raising arms above shoulders or climbing stairs
  • Limited range of motion in affected joints
  • Tenderness and swelling in affected areas
  • Weight loss and decreased appetite
  • Mild fever
  • Depression

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Cause(s) of Polymyalgia Rheumatica:
– The exact cause of Polymyalgia Rheumatica is unknown
– However, it is believed to involve an abnormal immune response
– Genetic factors may also play a role in the development of the disease

Polymyalgia Rheumatica


Information about Polymyalgia Rheumatica

Polymyalgia Rheumatica is an inflammatory disorder that causes muscle pain and stiffness, usually in the shoulders and hips.

Methods for Diagnosing Polymyalgia Rheumatica

  • Medical History: The doctor will ask about your symptoms, medical history, and any family history of autoimmune diseases.
  • Physical Examination: The doctor will perform a thorough physical examination to assess muscle tenderness, joint mobility, and other relevant findings.
  • Blood Tests: Blood tests can help detect certain markers of inflammation, such as elevated levels of C-reactive protein (CRP) and erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR).
  • Imaging Tests: X-rays or ultrasound imaging may be used to evaluate the affected joints and rule out other conditions.
  • Temporal Artery Biopsy: As Polymyalgia Rheumatica is often associated with giant cell arteritis, a biopsy of the temporal artery may be performed to confirm the diagnosis and assess the extent of inflammation.