Shigellosis is an infectious disease caused by a group of bacteria called Shigella. It primarily affects the intestines and can lead to symptoms such as diarrhea, abdominal cramps, and fever.
Shigellosis (Shigella) “A Cause of Bloody Diarrhea”: Pathophysiology, Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment
The bacteria are usually spread through contaminated food or water, or through direct contact with an infected person. Poor sanitation and hygiene practices can contribute to the spread of Shigella bacteria.
Shigellosis is more common in areas with inadequate sanitation and crowded living conditions. It can occur in both children and adults, but young children, especially those in daycare centers or similar settings, are at higher risk of infection.
The symptoms of shigellosis usually appear 1-2 days after exposure to the bacteria and can last for several days. In severe cases, the infection may require medical treatment, including antibiotics, and can occasionally lead to complications such as dehydration or bloodstream infections.
To prevent shigellosis, it is important to practice good hygiene, such as washing hands thoroughly with soap and water, especially after using the toilet, handling diapers, or before preparing food. Proper food handling and sanitation practices are also essential to prevent the spread of the bacteria.
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Causes of Shigellosis
- Poor sanitation and hygiene practices
- Contaminated food or water with Shigella bacteria
- Fecal-oral transmission (ingesting food or water contaminated with infected feces)
- Contact with infected individuals (person-to-person transmission)
- Inadequate handwashing after using the toilet or changing diapers
- Poorly cleaned and sanitized food preparation surfaces
- Traveling to regions with high prevalence of shigellosis