What does cancer look like?
The tumor is one of the most severe and mysterious diseases. There are many reasons that may start the uncontrolled division of cancerous cells. But what are the inner molecular mechanisms of morbid growth? Perhaps this is because of the structure of the chromosomes of cancerous cells.
The terms “neoplastic tumor” and “malignancy” are also used as synonyms for the word “tumor.” The essence of the pathology lies in the fact that DNA is broken in a singular cell, which is the biological information of a hereditary pattern. The cell begins to divide uncontrollably, forming a mass of tissue called a blastoma.
A malignant tumor is a pathological autonomous progressive growth of abnormal cells which penetrate and spread through the adjacent tissues. It has not only its own cells, but also a protective membrane (stroma), as well as blood vessels.
The main part of the pathological development turns to be cancer or carcinoma.
Malignant neoplasms develop in two stages: preclinical and clinical. The prolonged course of the pathology without manifestation of any symptoms of its presence is called the preclinical period. Usually this stage takes about 75% of the total duration of the existence of malignant cells. Early cancer most often develops during this period. But sometimes larger blastomas develop in hidden manner.
The formation of a neoplastic disease can be visible or palpable, revealing a reliable sign of the development of an oncological process. Morbid growth of the lips or skin usually looks like an ulcerated formation of small volume, covered with crusts or scales.
Rounded nodes can be felt in the mammary gland, as well as on the anterior of the liver. The oncology formations of the kidneys are much less likely to discover by touch, and sometimes in the pancreas.
A touchable growth is painless and it has a dense, knobby structure. Such formation does not have a strong protective sheath, so it moves along with the displacing adjacent tissues. But if the malignant cells have penetrated into immobile organs or into bones, the tumor also becomes immobile.
The described phenomena are called the most typical signs of the disease. At the same time, there are other manifestations that suggest the malignant cells availability.
The main condition for the successful treatment of malignant tumors is early diagnosis. To increase awareness of the initial signs of the disease, the below listed symptoms should alert a person when they appear:
- hoarseness, dyspnea, cough;
- change in bowels functioning;
- unreasonable loss of weight.
What to do if you noticed the principal symptoms of this disorder? The answer is clear: immediately consult attending physician. Only a specialist can give an appraisal to your health status and prescribe a corresponding treatment course. It is only a medical expert who is to direct you to an x-ray, to pass tests, etc.