What are the symptoms of worms in humans?

Published at 09.09.2018 07:32
Worms inside an the human body cause symptoms that can resemble a variety of diseases. At that it is not so easy to detect them. Worms penetrate the intestines, internal cavities and tissues, causing pathological changes. Signs of worms in humans, especially if they live outside of the gastrointestinal tract, do not always indicate an invasion. The diagnosis should be confirmed by the results of laboratory tests, which are recommended after a preliminary consultation of a specialist. Based on these findings, appropriate treatment is selected for the patient.

Different parasites can penetrate the human’s body. It is difficult to detect them on your own at home, even if they or fragments of their bodies are noticed accidentally, for example, in feces.

Manifestations of helminth in an adult depend on the species of the worm, its location and the stage of the lesion (acute or chronic invasion). For example, it is easier to identify parasites in the intestine rather than in other organs.

The age of the patient also affects the method to be selected for identification of parasites in the body. Thus, in children, the presence of parasites causes symptoms with a more pronounced clinical picture. This helps to identify problem at an early stage of the disease and to start treatment. It is more difficult to recognize signs of invasion in the body of an adult person. The presence of acquired chronic diseases sometimes makes it very difficult to establish the true cause of the ailment.

After hatching eggs or helminth larvae, the signs of invasion in adults can appear for example, in 3-5 days in case of ascaridiasis or in 6-16 months in case of filariasis.

Symptoms of acute phase of helminthiosis are as follows:

  • Enlargement of lymph nodes
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Stool disorder
  • Cough
  • Fever
  • Rashes on the skin
  • Inflammatory processes in the upper respiratory tract
  • Enlargement of the liver and spleen.
  • Inflammation of the meninges.

Manifestations of helminth invasion in adults, which is accompanied by migration of some species larvae, include severe pain in the chest area. Also small ascarids cause asthma while moving through the bronchi.

The signs of infection directly depend on the number of species penetrated into the body and the area of their localization. Most often, these are digestion disorders, which cause weight loss, dyspepsia (nausea, vomiting). Symptoms of chronic stage of helminth disease (lethargy, fatigue, headaches) are largely associated with toxic poisoning of the body – the release of the metabolic byproducts by parasites.

Do not try to make a diagnosis by yourself. Taking into account such a multifaceted clinical presentation of helminthiosis, the most reasonable thing is to visit a doctor as soon as possible. An experienced specialist knows exactly how to identify the signs of invasion. For example, the presence of pinworms can be identified by itching in the anus.

Modern medicine offers effective diagnostic tools, using which an expert will find out whether a person has a problem even at the earliest stage.

If there are signs and symptoms of the invasion, you need to undergo a medicine survey. Never make a diagnosis by yourself and never try to apply any treatment without proper consultation of a specialist.

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