Can you die suddenly from cirrhosis of the liver?

Published at 01.10.2018 16:29
Cirrhosis of the liver is a deadly and progressive disease, when the functional cells are replaced by a connective tissue. It results in disorder of the structure of the hepar and its normal functioning. The most common cause is excessive consumption of alcoholic beverages. Viral hepatitis, autoimmune diseases, toxic effects on the body, gallbladder pathologies and other also can lead to hepatic disease.

The clinical picture of the problem depends on the organ’s cells damage degree, the disease state, and the intensity of the destructive process in the liver. In most cases, this disorder is manifested by the following symptoms: nagging pain in the corresponding area, intensifying after eating, drinking, physical activity; dyspeptic phenomena – a violation of appetite, nausea, vomiting, flatulence, diarrhea; increased temperature; fatigue, impaired ability to work, insomnia; icterus of the skin and sclera; nasal, gingival, uterine bleeding at pronounced decompensated cirrhosis, bleeding of the gastrointestinal tract at diffuse nodular cirrhosis.

How do they die from this disease?

This issue is of concern to many patients with this disease and of their relatives. Consider the most common causes of death: internal bleeding, in particular gastrointestinal, is the most common cause of death – in 40% of cases, ascitic syndrome, which leads to the development of peritonitis and hepatic encephalopathy. In case of a sudden of encephalopathy and hepatocytes death the prognosis is most often unfavorable. If such a pathological process develops slowly and passes through all stages, then the prognosis is usually more favorable; a violation of biochemical indicators – the albumin concentration is below 2.5 mg%, the sodium level does not exceed 120 mmol / l. In this case, the content of liver enzymes does not matter.

The life span with this pathology is determined by many factors. In some patients it can be 10 or more years, but in certain cases, patients with such a diagnosis do not live even a year. The course of the disease and the duration of life depend on: the degree of liver functional compensation; the consequences; the etiology of the disease; the effectiveness of the therapy; age, sex of a sick person; biochemical indicators of blood; concomitant conditions. If the disease is detected in time (at the compensation stage), the prognosis is favorable, and with the help of adequate treatment it is possible to slow down the destructive process at the initial stage of development. The hepar can function in a normal mode; the life span of more than 50% of patients in this case is 10 or more years (depending on the concomitant diseases). In case of subcompensated cirrhosis, about 40% of patients live 5 years. In case of decompensated cirrhosis the life expectancy is the least – 10-40% of patients live no more than 3 years.

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