How does asthma affect the respiratory system?
Bronchial asthma is an ailment that affects the respiratory system, which is the system used by human to breath . This ailment is characterized by a chronic course of inflammatory process, as a result of which the walls of the bronchi thicken and prevent normal breathing. This disease is serious because respiratory embarrassment accompanies the patient with bronchial asthma and can lead to serious consequences. This state is when a person suffocates.
According to the opinion of many clinicians the effect of asthma on respiratory system can be drastic. In several double-blind studies, which were performed in clinical settings 40 out of 100 patients having asthma for more than 10 years showed persistent and deep damage of their immune system and general health..
According to its form of manifestation of respiratory embarrassment there are several types:
- Easy. Suffocation stops quickly and easily. Choking fits occur rarely and for a short time.
- Average. Choking fits often torture the patient and suffocation is stopped with the use of parenterally drugs administration.
- Heavy. Choking fits are observed every day and sometimes several times throughout the day. It is difficult to stop an attack.
- Respiratory embarrassment may result from poor removal of carbon dioxide from the body (hypercapnia/ventilator respiratory embarrassment) or as a result of a small entry of oxygen into the blood (hypoxemic/parenchymal respiratory embarrassment).
The cause of hypercapnia/ventilation respiratory failure are:
- damage to the part of the rachidian bulb that is responsible for the respiratory regulatory center;
- defeat of nerves or musculature, which is responsible for the movement of the chest;
- squeezing of the lungs with liquid, air and other causes;
- airway constriction or individual parts.
In order to determine the presence of an attack it is necessary to pay attention to the manifestation of the following symptoms:
- An attack of difficulty breathing develops often at night and acutely.
- The person before the attack feels a sensation in the throat, a runny nose, an itch of skin and a cough.
- A patient suffers from a severe dry cough.
- There is shortness of breath.
- Frequency of respiratory movements is 60 or more per minute.
- Additional muscles (abdomen, shoulders, neck, intercostal muscles) are involved in the breathing process.
- The doctor hears dry sibilant rale and breathing is hard.
Attacks of respiratory embarrassment can last for several minutes and even days. A number of additional studies should be conducted to accurately determine respiratory embarrassment in bronchial asthma.
It is necessary that respiratory embarrassment be established as a syndrome. The severity of the syndrome should be taken into account during the treatment.