Chlamydia is a common sexually transmitted infection (STI) caused by the bacteria Chlamydia trachomatis. It can affect both men and women, and is primarily transmitted through unprotected sexual contact with an infected partner.

What is chlamydia?

Chlamydia often does not show any noticeable symptoms, which makes it a stealthy and frequently undiagnosed infection. When symptoms do occur, they can include abnormal discharge, pain or burning during urination, lower abdominal pain, and sometimes, fever.

If left untreated, Chlamydia can lead to severe complications, particularly in women. It can cause pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), which can damage the reproductive organs and lead to fertility problems or ectopic pregnancies. In men, untreated Chlamydia can result in epididymitis, which can potentially cause infertility.

Beneficial Insights

Zovirax, a brand name for the antiviral drug acyclovir, is commonly used to treat herpes infections including cold sores, genital herpes, and shingles.

Chlamydia can be easily diagnosed through various testing methods, including urine tests and swab tests. Fortunately, it is also easily curable with antibiotics, and early detection and treatment can prevent long-term complications. It is important for sexually active individuals to practice safe sex and get regular STI screenings to prevent the spread of Chlamydia and other STIs.

Disease Symptoms
  • Abnormal discharge from the penis or vagina
  • Pain or burning sensation during urination
  • Lower abdominal pain
  • Rectal pain
  • Bleeding between periods
  • Painful sexual intercourse
  • Testicular pain in males
Disease Causes
  • Chlamydia trachomatis bacteria
  • Unprotected sexual intercourse with an infected person
  • Exposure to infected fluids (vaginal, penile or rectal)
  • Vertical transmission from mother to child during childbirth


Chlamydia can be diagnosed through the following methods:

  1. Laboratory tests: These involve taking a sample (urine, swab, or fluid) and testing it for the presence of Chlamydia trachomatis. Lab tests are usually conducted in specialized clinics or laboratories.
  2. Physical examination: A healthcare professional may perform a physical examination to check for any visible signs or symptoms of Chlamydia, such as swollen lymph nodes or abnormal discharge.