By Dr. Ben Lynch
Updated 2024-03-06 16:59:34 | Published 2023-06-21 03:25:01
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    • Explore the Diseases category on iMedix for comprehensive insights into various health conditions. This section offers detailed information on symptoms, causes, treatments, and preventive measures, providing a valuable resource for understanding and managing health challenges.

An abstract illustration of Gingivitis

Gingivitis is a common and mild form of gum disease. It is characterized by inflammation of the gums, typically caused by plaque buildup on the teeth. When plaque is not removed through regular brushing and flossing, it can irritate the gums, leading to gingivitis.

Gingivitis and periodontitis – causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, pathology

What is Gingivitis?

Gingivitis is a common and mild form of gum disease (periodontal disease) that causes irritation, redness, and swelling (inflammation) of your gingiva, the part of your gum around the base of your teeth.

What causes Gingivitis?

Gingivitis is most commonly caused by poor oral hygiene that encourages plaque to form on teeth, leading to inflammation of the surrounding gum tissues. Other factors like smoking, diabetes, certain medications, and genetic predisposition can also contribute to its development.

What are the symptoms of Gingivitis?

Symptoms include swollen, red, and tender gums that may bleed during brushing or flossing. Bad breath and receding gums are also common symptoms of gingivitis.

How is Gingivitis diagnosed?

Gingivitis is diagnosed through a dental exam where a dentist checks for signs of inflammation, bleeding, and plaque or tartar buildup. Dental x-rays may also be used to check for bone loss in severe cases.

What are the treatment options for Gingivitis?

Treatment includes professional dental cleaning and improved oral hygiene practices. Regular brushing and flossing, along with the use of antiseptic mouthwash, can help reverse gingivitis. In some cases, further dental treatments may be necessary.

Can Gingivitis be prevented?

Yes, gingivitis can often be prevented with good oral hygiene. This includes regular brushing, flossing, and dental check-ups. Avoiding tobacco and maintaining a healthy diet also contribute to preventing gingivitis.

Can Gingivitis lead to more serious dental issues?

Yes, if left untreated, gingivitis can progress to periodontitis, a more serious form of gum disease that can lead to tooth loss and other serious health complications.

Common symptoms of gingivitis include red, swollen, and tender gums, as well as gums that bleed easily, especially during brushing or flossing. Persistent bad breath and receding gums may also be present.

If left untreated, gingivitis can progress to a more severe form of gum disease called periodontitis. However, in its early stages, gingivitis is reversible with proper oral hygiene practices and professional dental care.

To prevent or manage gingivitis, it is important to maintain good oral hygiene by brushing teeth twice a day, flossing daily, and using an antimicrobial mouthwash. Regular dental check-ups and professional cleanings are also essential to remove plaque and tartar that cannot be reached through regular brushing.

Overall, with proper care and attention to oral health, gingivitis can be effectively controlled and prevented from progressing into more serious gum diseases.

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Gingivitis is a common oral health problem characterized by inflammation of the gums. It is primarily caused by poor oral hygiene habits and the buildup of plaque on the teeth. Other factors that can contribute to gingivitis include:

  • Smoking or using tobacco products
  • Compromised immune system
  • Hormonal changes (such as those occurring during pregnancy or puberty)
  • Diabetes
  • Certain medications (e.g., anticonvulsants, calcium channel blockers)
  • Genetic predisposition
  • Malnutrition
  • Stress

It is important to address gingivitis promptly to prevent its progression into more severe gum disease or periodontitis.


Gingivitis is a common gum disease that causes inflammation of the gums. The general symptoms of gingivitis include:

  • Swollen and tender gums
  • Bleeding gums, especially during brushing or flossing
  • Bad breath
  • Receding gums
  • Persistent mouth sores
  • Changes in the color of gums from pink to red
  • Gums that feel sensitive to touch
  • Mild to moderate pain or discomfort in the gums

If you experience any of these symptoms, it is important to seek dental care to prevent the progression of gingivitis into more severe gum diseases.

Dr. Ben Lynch is verified user for iMedix