Xarelto

Xarelto
Xarelto oral
Xarelto, whose generic name is rivaroxaban, is a prescription medication that belongs to a class of drugs known as direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs). It is used primarily to prevent blood clots in patients who have conditions such as atrial fibrillation (not caused by a heart valve problem), deep vein thrombosis (DVT), pulmonary embolism (PE), and to prevent clots in patients who have undergone hip or knee replacement surgery.
Active Ingredient: Rivaroxaban
Dosage Form: Tablet
Minimum Market Price: 0.1

Side Effects

Easy bruising or minor bleeding (such as nosebleed, bleeding from cuts) may occur. If any of these effects last or get worse, tell your doctor or pharmacist promptly.

Remember that this medication has been prescribed because your doctor has judged that the benefit to you is greater than the risk of side effects. Many people using this medication do not have serious side effects.

This medication can cause serious bleeding if it affects your blood clotting proteins too much. Tell your doctor right away if you have any signs of serious bleeding, including: nosebleeds that happen often or don't stop, unusual tiredness/weakness, unusual pain/swelling/discomfort, unusual bruising, prolonged bleeding from cuts or gums, unusually heavy/prolonged menstrual flow, pink/dark urine, coughing up blood, vomit that is bloody or looks like coffee grounds, severe headache, dizziness/fainting, bloody/black/tarry stools, difficulty swallowing.

Get medical help right away if you have any signs of very serious bleeding, including: vision changes, confusion, trouble speaking, weakness on one side of the body.

A very serious allergic reaction to this drug is rare. However, get medical help right away if you notice any symptoms of a serious allergic reaction, including: rash, itching/swelling (especially of the face/tongue/throat), severe dizziness, trouble breathing.

This is not a complete list of possible side effects. If you notice other effects not listed above, contact your doctor or pharmacist.

In the US – Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088 or at www.fda.gov/medwatch.

In Canada – Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to Health Canada at 1-866-234-2345.

How long does it take for this medicine to take effect?

Rivaroxaban has a rapid onset of action, with peak plasma concentrations reached 2 to 4 hours after oral administration. Patients may start to experience the anticoagulant effects within a few hours after the first dose.

How long do the effects of this medicine last?

The effects of rivaroxaban last for approximately 24 hours, necessitating once or twice daily dosing depending on the indication. The half-life of rivaroxaban ranges from 5 to 9 hours in young individuals and from 11 to 13 hours in the elderly.

Is it safe to consume alcohol while taking this medicine?

While there is no specific contraindication against moderate alcohol consumption with rivaroxaban, excessive alcohol intake should be avoided. Alcohol may increase the risk of bleeding and can also affect liver function, potentially altering the metabolism and efficacy of rivaroxaban. Patients are advised to discuss their alcohol consumption with their healthcare provider.

Is this a habit forming medicine?

Rivaroxaban is not habit-forming and does not have the potential for abuse or dependence. It is prescribed for its anticoagulant properties and does not produce euphoria or any psychoactive effects.

Can this medicine be taken during pregnancy?

Rivaroxaban is classified as FDA Pregnancy Category C. Animal studies have shown adverse effects on the fetus, and there are no adequate and well-controlled studies in humans. Rivaroxaban should be used during pregnancy only if the potential benefit justifies the potential risk to the fetus. Due to the risk of bleeding, rivaroxaban is not recommended for use in pregnant women during childbirth or in those at high risk of hemorrhage.

Can this medicine be taken while breast-feeding?

It is not known whether rivaroxaban is excreted in human breast milk. Due to the potential for serious adverse reactions in nursing infants from rivaroxaban, a decision should be made whether to discontinue nursing or to discontinue the drug, taking into account the importance of the drug to the mother's health.

How to use Xarelto

Read the Medication Guide provided by your pharmacist before you start taking rivaroxaban and each time you get a refill. If you have any questions, ask your doctor or pharmacist.

Take this medication by mouth as directed by your doctor. If you are taking this drug to prevent strokes and blood clots that may form due to an irregular heartbeat, the dose is usually taken once a day with the evening meal. If you are taking this medication to prevent blood clots due to other conditions (such as after knee or hip replacement surgery, during a hospital stay and after discharge, after Fontan procedure), the dose is usually taken once a day. For adults taking rivaroxaban to treat blood clots, the dose is usually taken twice a day for the first 3 weeks, and then once a day. For children taking rivaroxaban to treat blood clots, the dose is usually taken once a day. If you are taking this medication to lower the risk of blood clots from forming again, the dose is usually taken once a day. Carefully follow your doctor's directions. Do not increase your dose, take it more often, or stop taking it unless you are told to do so by your doctor.

The 10 milligrams tablet may be taken with or without food. The 15 milligrams and 20 milligrams tablet should be taken with food. If you have any questions about how to take rivaroxaban, ask your doctor or pharmacist.

If you are unable to swallow whole tablets, you may crush the tablet and mix it with applesauce. Eat the entire mixture right away. Do not prepare a supply for future use.

If you are giving this medication through a tube into the stomach (nasogastric or gastric tube), ask your health care professional for detailed instructions on how to properly mix and give it.

The dosage and length of treatment is based on your medical condition and response to treatment. For children, the dosage is also based on weight.

Use this medication regularly to get the most benefit from it. To help you remember, take it at the same time(s) each day.

Precautions

Before taking rivaroxaban, tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are allergic to it; or if you have any other allergies. This product may contain inactive ingredients, which can cause allergic reactions or other problems. Talk to your pharmacist for more details.

Before using this medication, tell your doctor or pharmacist your medical history, especially of: cancer, liver disease, kidney disease, bleeding problems (such as bleeding of the stomach/intestines, bleeding in the brain), stroke, artificial heart valves, recent major injury/surgery, blood disorders (such as anemia, hemophilia, thrombocytopenia), frequent falls/injuries, certain eye problem (retinopathy), a certain clotting disorder (antiphospholipid syndrome), certain hereditary enzyme problems (such as galactose intolerance, Lapp lactase deficiency, glucose-galactose malabsorption).

Before having surgery or any medical/dental procedures (especially spinal puncture or spinal/epidural anesthesia), tell your doctor or dentist that you are taking this medication and about all the products you use (including prescription drugs, nonprescription drugs, and herbal products). Your doctor or dentist may tell you to stop taking rivaroxaban before your surgery. Ask for specific instructions about stopping or starting this medication.

This medication may cause stomach bleeding. Daily use of alcohol while using this medicine will increase your risk for stomach bleeding. Limit alcoholic beverages. Ask your doctor or pharmacist about how much alcohol you may safely drink.

This medication can cause heavy bleeding. To lower the chance of getting cut, bruised, or injured, use caution with sharp objects like razors and nail cutters, and avoid activities such as contact sports. Use an electric razor when shaving and a soft toothbrush when brushing your teeth. If you fall or injure yourself, especially if you hit your head, call your doctor right away. Your doctor may need to check you.

Older adults may be more sensitive to the side effects of this drug, especially bleeding.

During pregnancy, this medication should be used only when clearly needed. Discuss the risks and benefits with your doctor.

This medication may pass into breast milk. Consult your doctor before breast-feeding.

Consult your pharmacist or physician.

Overdose

If someone has overdosed and has serious symptoms such as passing out or trouble breathing, call 911. Otherwise, call a poison control center right away. US residents can call their local poison control center at 1-800-222-1222. Canada residents can call a provincial poison control center. Symptoms of overdose may include: bloody/black/tarry stools, pink/dark urine, unusual/prolonged bleeding.

Do not share this medication with others.

Lab and/or medical tests (such as hematocrit/hemoglobin, red blood cell count) may be done while you are taking this medication. Keep all medical and lab appointments. Consult your doctor for more details.

If you are taking this medication once a day and miss a dose, take it as soon as you remember. If it is near the time of the next dose, skip the missed dose. Take your next dose at the regular time. Do not double the dose to catch up.

If you are taking this medication twice a day and miss a dose, take it as soon as you remember. If you missed the morning dose and it is near the time of the evening dose, you may take both doses together. Then take your next dose at the regular time.

Store at room temperature away from light and moisture. Do not store in the bathroom. Keep all medications away from children and pets.

Use/discard the crushed tablet mixture within 4 hours. ()

Do not flush medications down the toilet or pour them into a drain unless instructed to do so. Properly discard this product when it is expired or no longer needed. Consult your pharmacist or local waste disposal company.

Interactions

Drug interactions may change how your medications work or increase your risk for serious side effects. This document does not contain all possible drug interactions. Keep a list of all the products you use (including prescription/nonprescription drugs and herbal products) and share it with your doctor and pharmacist. Do not start, stop, or change the dosage of any medicines without your doctor's approval.

Some products that may interact with this drug include: mifepristone, other drugs that can cause bleeding/bruising (including antiplatelet drugs such as clopidogrel, NSAIDs such as ibuprofen/naproxen, “blood thinners” such as warfarin/enoxaparin), certain antidepressants (including SSRIs such as fluoxetine, SNRIs such as desvenlafaxine/venlafaxine).

Other medications can affect the removal of rivaroxaban from your body, which may affect how rivaroxaban works. Examples include cobicistat, conivaptan, dronedarone, ritonavir, certain azole antifungals (itraconazole, ketoconazole, posaconazole), HIV protease inhibitors (such as lopinavir), rifamycins (such as rifampin), St. John's wort, drugs used to treat seizures (such as carbamazepine, phenytoin, phenobarbital), among others.

Aspirin can increase the risk of bleeding when used with this medication. However, if your doctor has directed you to take low-dose aspirin for heart attack or stroke prevention (usually 81-162 milligrams a day), you should continue taking it unless your doctor instructs you otherwise. Ask your doctor or pharmacist for more details.

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