Bacterial rhinosinusitis is a type of infection that affects the paranasal sinuses, which are air-filled spaces in the skull that are connected to the nasal passages. It is caused by bacteria infecting the lining of the sinuses, leading to inflammation and symptoms such as nasal congestion, facial pain or pressure, thick nasal discharge, headache, fever, and fatigue.
This condition can occur when normal drainage from the sinuses is blocked, often due to a common cold, allergies, or structural abnormalities in the nasal passages. When the sinuses become blocked and filled with fluid, it creates a favorable environment for bacteria to grow and cause an infection.
Bacterial rhinosinusitis can be diagnosed based on symptoms and physical examination findings. In some cases, imaging tests or cultures may be done to confirm the presence of bacteria.
Treatment for bacterial rhinosinusitis generally involves the use of antibiotics to kill the bacteria causing the infection. In addition, over-the-counter pain relievers, nasal decongestants, and saline nasal rinses can help alleviate symptoms. It is also important to stay hydrated, get enough rest, and avoid irritants that may further aggravate the sinuses.
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In most cases, bacterial rhinosinusitis resolves with appropriate treatment within a few weeks. However, complications such as spread of the infection to nearby structures or chronic sinusitis may occur in some individuals. It is recommended to follow up with a healthcare professional if symptoms worsen or do not improve with treatment.
- Bacterial infection in the sinus and nasal cavities
- Common bacteria causing the disease include Streptococcus pneumoniae, Haemophilus influenzae, and Moraxella catarrhalis
- Spread of bacteria from other respiratory tract infections
- Blockage or obstruction of the sinus and nasal passages
- Impaired immune system
- Exposure to bacterial pathogens in close proximity
Bacterial Rhinosinusitis Symptoms
- Nasal congestion
- Facial pain or pressure
- Thick or discolored nasal discharge
- Bad breath
- Ear pressure or fullness