Bacterial Vulvovaginitis is a type of vaginal infection caused by an overgrowth of bacteria in the vulva and vagina, leading to inflammation and discomfort. It is commonly triggered by a disruption in the natural balance of bacteria present in the vaginal area. Symptoms may include itching, burning sensation, abnormal discharge, and foul odor.
Bacterial vaginosis, Causes, Signs and Symptoms, DIagnosis and Treatment.
This condition is primarily caused by different types of bacteria, such as Gardnerella vaginalis and other anaerobic bacteria. Bacterial Vulvovaginitis can be transmitted through sexual activity or poor hygiene practices, but it can also occur spontaneously without any identifiable cause.
Treatment for Bacterial Vulvovaginitis typically involves antibiotics that target the causative bacteria. Doctors may recommend topical or oral medication depending on the severity of the infection. It is advisable to seek medical attention for proper diagnosis and treatment. Maintaining good hygiene practices, including gentle cleansing, wearing breathable underwear, and avoiding irritants, can also help prevent bacterial vulvovaginitis.
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Causes of Bacterial Vulvovaginitis
- Overgrowth of bacteria in the vagina
- Imbalance of vaginal flora
- Use of strong or perfumed soaps, lotions, or detergents in the genital area
- Frequent douching
- Wearing tight-fitting or non-breathable clothing (such as synthetic underwear)
- Sexual intercourse with a partner who has a bacterial infection
- Use of certain antibiotics
- Decreased estrogen levels (common in menopause)
Bacterial vulvovaginitis is a common gynecological infection caused by an overgrowth of bacteria in the vagina. The general symptoms of this disease include:
- Vaginal itching
- Abnormal vaginal discharge
- Foul-smelling vaginal odor
- Burning sensation during urination
- Pain or discomfort during sexual intercourse
- Redness and swelling of the vulva
- Vulvar irritation