Thrush, also known as Candidiasis, is a fungal infection caused by the overgrowth of a type of yeast called Candida. This condition commonly affects the mouth and throat, but it can also occur in other areas of the body such as the vagina, skin, and gastrointestinal tract.
Oral Candidiasis (Oral Thrush)
Thrush is characterized by the appearance of creamy white, raised lesions or patches in the affected areas. These patches may be painful or cause discomfort, especially when eating or swallowing.
Common risk factors for developing thrush include weakened immune system, use of certain medications such as antibiotics or corticosteroids, uncontrolled diabetes, and poor oral hygiene. It can also occur in infants, elderly individuals, and people with underlying health conditions.
Treatment for thrush usually involves antifungal medications that can be applied topically or taken orally. It is important to follow the prescribed treatment regimen and maintain good hygiene to prevent recurring infections.
Accessibility for Vulnerable Communities:
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It is advisable to seek medical attention if you suspect you have thrush, as a healthcare professional can provide an accurate diagnosis and appropriate treatment plan tailored to your specific condition.
Causes of the disease:
- Overgrowth of a type of yeast called Candida, specifically Candida albicans
- Weak immune system
- Use of antibiotics that disrupt the natural balance of microorganisms in the body
- Poor oral hygiene
- High sugar intake
- Prolonged use of corticosteroids or immunosuppressive drugs
- Underlying medical conditions such as HIV/AIDS
Thrush (Candidiasis) Symptoms
- White, velvety patches on the inside of the mouth and throat
- Pain or discomfort while eating or swallowing
- Bleeding if the patches are scraped or rubbed
- Cracked corners of the mouth
- Redness or soreness in the mouth
- A cotton-like feeling in the mouth
- Loss of taste
- Unpleasant taste in the mouth